Saturday, June 15, 2024
HomeScience Class 4Adaptations in animals Class 4

Adaptations in animals Class 4

The chapter Adaptations in animals help students to learn about the different adaptations that animals have developed over time to survive in their environment.

Adaptations are one of the most fascinating aspects of the animal kingdom. Animals have developed a variety of special features and traits that enable them to survive and thrive in their particular environment.

By studying the amazing ways in which animals have adapted to their environments, students in class 4 can gain a deeper knowledge of the diversity of the animal kingdom.

Click on each link to download our specially designed worksheets that contain various question types to help students.

Adaptations in Animals

worksheet Adaptations in animals class 4

Read Also:

Free Science worksheets for Class 4
NCERT Hindi Worksheets for Class 4

What is an adaptations in animals?

Adaptations are like special powers or changes that animals develop over a long time to help them survive in their habitats or environment.

The natural home of an animal is called habitat from where it can obtain food, shelter, build homes and reproduce.

Type of adaptations in animals

Every animal has its own unique adaptations that make it perfectly suited for its environment. The main types of adaptations are Physical, Behavioural and Sensory.

Camouflage: Many animals have the ability to blend in with their surroundings to avoid detection by predators. For example, chameleons can change the colour of their skin.

Hibernation: Some animals like frog and bears hibernate when food is scarce. They lower their metabolic rate and enter a state of dormancy to conserve energy.

Webbed feet: Animals that live in water, such as ducks and otters, have webbed feet that allow them to swim more efficiently.

Teeth and claws: Many animals like lions and tigers have sharp teeth and claws, that they use for hunting and defending themselves against predators.

Adaptations based on Habitat

Animals have amazing ways to fit into their environments for survival. Let’s explore how animals adapt to their habitats to survive.

On the basis of their habitat, animals can be divided into five major groups: terrestrial, aquatic, amphibians, arboreal and aerial animals.

Adaptations in animals based on their habitat

Terrestrial Animals

Terrestrial adaptations can further be classified into Forest, Desert and Polar regions.

Forest animals

Animals like monkeys and sloths have adapted to climb trees, whereas some animals have special teeth for eating grass efficiently.

Some animals have developed special senses to hunt and protect themselves. On the other hand, some animals have adapted for speed to chase down prey.

Tigers, lions, elephants, cows, horses, monkey, dogs and fox are some examples of forest animals.

Desert animals

Desert animals adapt to save water, protect from hot and cold weather, as well as change colour to hide themselves.

Sand-coloured lizard, have skin that matches the colour of the sand to protect from other animals. Desert rats and foxes are active during night only.

Camels, have special humps to store water, to survive in a dry habitat.

Polar animals

The poles are cover with ice and thus are the coldest place on the Earth. Artic fox, Seals, Polar Bear and penguin are some animals found in polar regions.

Polar bears and seals have thick fur to keep them warm. While Penguins have webbed feet to help them swim.

Aquatic Animals

Animals that live in water are called aquatic animals. They have unique adaptations that help them to survive in water. These adaptations in animals can be:

Gills: Aquatic animals, like fish, have gills to absorb oxygen from the water. Gills are like their underwater lungs, allowing them to breathe.

Fins: These fins and flippers help animals to move through the water with speed and agility. For example, dolphins have powerful flippers for swimming gracefully.

Streamlined Bodies: To reduce water resistance, aquatic animals, such as sharks and seals, have streamlined bodies. This shape allows them to glide efficiently through the water.

Webbed Feet: Aquatic birds like ducks and penguins have webbed feet that act like paddles for swimming.

What do you get in Science worksheets for Class 4 PDF

  • Printable Science Worksheet in A4 PDF format.
  • 100% Free to download and easy to print at home.
  • Answer key available at the last page.
  • Wholly based on latest Syllabus and pattern.
  • Progressive approach with increasing difficulty level.
Avani Modh
Avani Modh
She is passionate about education and love to create easy to understand and useful learning material for kids. In her free time, she likes to read story books.


  1. Thank you very much for the worksheets posted , its very useful for my students’ learning about adaptation and ecosystem. Hoping there are more to come for some other lessons especially science.

    Very much appreciated.

    Thank you very much,

    Cecil U. Biagtan

Comments are closed.