The Class 5 EVS chapter 14 When the Earth Shook talks about the earthquakes, its effects and how to stay safe during an earthquake.
The chapter is the real life story of Jasma, who witnessed the devastating earthquake that occurred in the Kutch district of Gujarat, India. Jasma, narrates how the people of their village lost their homes and loved ones. She describes the plight of homeless people living in the tents during winter nights.
Further, the chapter explains how the villagers helped each other during the hard times and how they received relief aids from all over the world.
Lastly, they are taught how to stay safe during an earthquake and what are other natural disasters.
Our Class 5 EVS chapter 14 worksheet with answers covers a variety of questions to help students grasp the topic in a fun and interactive way.
Also, do not forget to download our free printable NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 14 PDF.
When the Earth Shook Worksheet
When the Earth Shook Notes
“When the Earth Shook” chapter in the Class 5 EVS book is about Gujarat earthquake. It discusses what earthquakes are, how they occur, the effects of earthquakes and how to stay safe.
What is an earthquake?
An earthquake is a sudden shaking of the ground caused by the movement of tectonic plates. Tectonic plates are large slabs of rock that make up the Earth’s crust. It is one of the natural disasters beyond human control.
How do earthquakes occur?
Earthquakes occur when tectonic plates move and interact with each other. When two plates collide, they release energy in the form of seismic waves. Seismic waves are the vibrations that we feel during an earthquake.
Effects of earthquakes
Earthquakes can have a variety of effects, including:
Ground shaking: This is the most common effect of an earthquake that causes buildings and other structures to collapse.
Landslides: Earthquakes can trigger landslides, which can block roads and rivers and destroy homes and other property.
Tsunamis: Earthquakes that occur underwater can generate tsunamis, which are giant waves that can travel hundreds of miles and cause widespread damage.
Staying safe during an earthquake
If you are indoors during an earthquake, the safest place to be is under a sturdy table or desk. If you are outdoors, the safest place to be in the open ground, away from buildings.
Some tips for staying safe during an earthquake:
- Stay calm and don’t panic.
- If you are in a vehicle, move to the side of the road and stop the car.
- Stay away from windows and other glass objects.
- If you are in a building, go to the lowest floor possible.
- Do not use lifts during earthquake.
Class 5 EVS Chapter 14 MCQ Questions
- What is the name of the girl in the chapter?
a. Nandita b. Jasma c. Dhanu d. Shreya
- Which calamity occurred on 26th January, 2001?
a. Cyclone b. Tsunami c. Earthquake d. Flood
- How many people died in the village?
a. Seven b. Eight c. Six d. Nine
- The outermost layer of earth is called?
a. Crust b. Mental c. Core d. All
- The upper layer of the earth is made of
a. Tectonic plates b. Core c. Magma d. Fire
- Excessive rainfall can lead to
a. Tsunami b. Drought c. Famine d. Flood
- Shortage of food and water can result in a
a. Tsunami b. Drought c. Famine d. Flood
- The amount of ground displacement in an earthquake is called
a. Epicentre b. Dip c. Focus d. Slip
Class 5 EVS Chapter 14 Extra Question Answers
Q. What does the government do to help the earthquake affected people?
Ans. The government helped the affected people in the following ways:-
-The government set up the refugee camps.
-It raises money to rebuild the houses.
-It arranges all the basic needs of the affected people.
-It announces the compensation for the affected people.
-It gives free medical aids.
-It repairs the railway, roadways, schools and other public places.
Q. People in Jasma’s village rebuilt their houses with suggestions from the engineers. Will these houses be safer than before?
Ans. Yes, these houses are rebuilt with special design that will minimize the damage in case of earthquake. Hence, these houses will be safer than before.
Q. Name any three natural disasters?
Ans. Tsunami, Draught and Volcano eruption.
Q. Write a short note on Gujarat Earthquake 2001?
The 2001 Gujarat earthquake, also known as the Bhuj earthquake, occurred on 26 January 2001, in the Kutch district of Gujarat.
The devastating earthquake had a magnitude of 7.6 and was one of the deadliest earthquake in India.
The Bhuj earthquake caused widespread damage in Gujarat, with an estimated 20,000 people killed and over 1,60,000 injured. Many structures were damaged or destroyed, including many historic buildings and tourist attractions.
The victims received massive relief from Indian government as well as many international aid organizations.
Despite the challenges, the people of Gujarat showed great resilience and rebuilt their lives and region.
The 2001 Gujarat earthquake is a reminder of the power of nature and the importance of disaster preparedness.
What do you get in Class 5 EVS When the Earth Shook PDF
- Printable EVS Worksheet in A4 PDF format.
- Free to download and easy to print at home.
- Answer key available at the last page.
- Wholly based on latest NCERT syllabus and pattern.
- Progressive approach with increasing difficulty level.